The Columbia River - White Salmon, Washington (2023)


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White Salmon, Washington, on the ridge, as seen from Hood River, Oregon.View from moving car. Image taken August 22, 2011.
White Salmon ...

The Washington community of White Salmon lies on the north side of the Columbia River at Columbia River Mile (RM) 170, on the ridge above the community of Bingen. White Salmon's early history is tied closely with Bingen's. Across the river is the Oregon community of Hood River. Three miles downstream is the mouth of the White Salmon River, after which the community was named.


Early White Salmon ...
The first settlers in the White Salmon area were E.S. and Mary Joslyn, who arrived in 1853 from Massachusetts. According to the "a2zgorge.info" website, their diary states that the name "White Salmon" was in common use at that time, and since the folks across the river named their community "Hood River" after the river, the folks at White Salmon did likewise.

According to "An Illustrated History of Klickitat, Yakima and Kittitas Counties ...":

"White Salmon, the town, is of recent origin, though the settlement is the oldest in the county, Erastus S. Joslyn and his wife having come to what is now known as the Byrkett ranch in 1852. However, the growth of the community was slow, largely due to the absence of transportation facilities. About 1868, as near as can be learned, the few settlers there obtained a postoffice, J.R. Warner becoming the first postmaster. He lived two and a half miles east of town, or at what is now Bingen Landing, then called Warner's Landing. The postoffice was maintained there, according to the statement of A.H. Jewett, a pioneer of the year 1874, until 1880, when Jacob H. Hunsaker established the community's pioneer store and succeeded Doublass Suksdorf as postmaster. Hunsaker built his store upon the site now occupied by C.M. Wolfard's store in the town of White Salmon, and with it the present town had its beginning."

Robert Hitchman wrote in "Place Names of Washington" (1985, Washington State Historical Society):

(Video) White Salmon and the Columbia River Gorge from the air

"White Salmon (T3N, R11E, Sec.19) ... Town on hillside above Columbia River's north bank, directly across from Hood River, Oregon, southwest Klickitat County. When a post office was established in 1872, it was named for White Salmon River, directly west. Rivalry with Bingen, a town directly adjoining White Salmon on the southeast and on Spokane, Portland, and Seattle Railway line, caused the station to be marked with both town names. Efforts to combine the towns have been made for many years, but so far have proven fruitless. In 1931, Bingen took the matter of naming the railway station to court, without satisfaction to either town."

Street scenes ...

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Street scene, White Salmon, Washington.View from moving car.Image taken June 5, 2010.

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Building mural, White Salmon, Washington.View from moving car.Image taken June 5, 2010.

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Building mural, White Salmon, Washington.View from moving car.Image taken August 11, 2010.

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Street scene, White Salmon, Washington.View from moving car.Image taken August 11, 2010.

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Street scene, Inn of the White Salmon, White Salmon, Washington.View from moving car.Image taken August 11, 2010.

  • Bluff Stairway ...
  • Eyrie Inn ...
  • Jewett Ave. ...
  • White Salmon Blockhouse ...
  • White Salmon River ...
Bluff Stairway ...

At one time a wooden stairway linked the two Washington communities of Bingen (below the bluff) and White Salmon (on top of the bluff).
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Bluff Stairway trace between Bingen (at base of bluff) to White Salmon (on top of bluff), as seen from the Hood River Bridge. Image taken July 26, 2014.

Old stairway path is visible on the left and goes from red-roofed house down to the river, appearing here ending at the bridge/railing junction.


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Bluff Stairway trace between Bingen (at base of bluff) to White Salmon (on top of bluff), as seen from the Hood River Bridge. Image taken February 2, 2011.

Old stairway path is visible on the left and goes from red-roofed house down to the river, appearing here just above and to the right of the road sign on the left.

Eyrie Inn ...
The "Eyrie Inn" (also known as "The Eyrie") was an early resort built on the Washington side of the Columbia River 1.5 miles west of White Salmon, and was built along the North Bank Road.
"Numerous resorts and inns may also be found but short distances off the highway [Columbia River Highway, Oregon] where the motor tourist may secure excellent accommodations. One of the most interesting of these is the Eyrie inn on the Washington side, and if the motorist is planning to extend his Columbia River highway tour by a ferry ride across the river and a trip along the Washington shore this may well be an objective. The inn is situated on the bluffs west of White Salmon, overlooking the Columbia river, at the mouth of the White Salmon river. The view is a striking one, including the Columbia gorge, the White Salmon valley, the entire broad valley of the Hood river and Mount Hood, as a fitting climax to the scene."["Sunday Oregonian", July 31, 1921, courtesy Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2020]
(Video) Surfski Columbia River Gorge, White Salmon WA

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"The Eyrie, On the Washington Bluffs".(White Salmon, Washington).
Source: "Sunday Oregonian", July 31, 1921, courtesy Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2020.
Jewett Ave. ...
Jewett Avenue (today known as Jewett Blvd. or Washington Route 141) runs approximately east/west through the community of White Salmon and links the town to Bingen.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) database (2019) shows A.H. Jewett being granted title to 144.9 acres of parts of T3N R11E, Section 30, on February 10, 1882 (1862 Homestead EntryOriginal), and title to 160 acres of T3N R11E, Section 19, on June 15, 1892 (1820 Sale-Cash Entry).



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Penny Postcard: Jewett Ave., White Salmon, Washington. Penny Postcard, Real Photo, Divided Back, "Jewett Ave., White Salmon, Wash.".In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.

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Penny Postcard: Jewett Ave., White Salmon, Washington. Penny Postcard, Real Photo, Divided Back, "Jewett Ave, White Salmon, Wash.".February 1, 1908 date written on the back.In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
White Salmon Blockhouse ...

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White Salmon River ...

The White Salmon River originates in south central Washington along the south slope of Mount Adams, and then flows south for 45 miles before entering the Columbia River (Bonneville Reservoir) at River Mile (RM) 167.5, at Underwood, Washington. The White Salmon River was named after the abundance of spawning salmon returning to the creek, whose flesh turned color from red to pinkish white.Upstream are the Washington communities of White Salmon (on the hill) and Bingen, Washington (at the base of the hill). Five miles downstream is located Drano Lake and the Little White Salmon River, where Lewis and Clark camped on October 29, 1805.Directly across from the White Salmon River is Hood River, Oregon.
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(Video) The White Salmon River after Condit dam



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White Salmon River with Mount Adams. Mouth of the White Salmon River (bridge), Washington, as seen from Hood River, Oregon. Mount Adams is in the background.Image taken March 20, 2004.

"... pass the mouth of a large rapid Stream on the Stard. Side ... in this creek the Indians above take their fish, here we Saw Several canoes, which induced us to call this Canoe Creek it is 28 yards wide ..."[Clark, October 19, 1805]


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...


The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends.Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.

From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...


Clark, October 29, 1805 ...

Clark, April 14, 1806 ...

(Video) Slammin' Salmon at White Salmon

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FAQs

Where is White Salmon River Washington? ›

The White Salmon River is located in south-central Washington and its watershed is approximately 400-square miles. Churning rapids and unique beauty draw visitors to the clear, blue White Salmon River.

What is White Salmon Washington known for? ›

White Salmon is one of the top destinations in the world for whitewater rafting and kayaking, with the Little White and White Salmon rivers on its doorstep.

Is White Salmon in eastern Washington? ›

About White Salmon WA Located in the Columbia River Gorge. White Salmon Washington is located in the Pacific Northwest (upper left USA) and surrounded by the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area.

What fish are in the White Salmon River? ›

White Salmon River

This river is shared with Skamania County and has opportunities for steelhead and salmon fishing. The river has had a modest fishery for summer steelhead in recent years, with most catches in June through August.

Does white salmon taste different? ›

It is different from the red in taste, in texture and in many other subtle qualities. It has a softer flesh and is buttery and silky, less meaty and somehow less salmony. It tastes at once sweet, like a freshwater fish, and deeply of the sea.

What time of year do salmon run in Washington? ›

Mid-September to mid-October is peak season for salmon runs. The fall salmon runs begin in late August when Chinook salmon begin returning to spawn, with Chinook arriving first and Coho a little later.

Is White Salmon OK to eat? ›

So what gives? That white stuff oozing out of your salmon as it cooks is just coagulated protein, and it's perfectly safe to eat. According to America's Test Kitchen, as salmon cooks, its muscle fibers contract, causing it to wring out the fish's internal protein, or albumin.

What is the biggest fish caught in Washington state? ›

Freshwater Fishing
BLACK BASS
Largemouth Bass 12.53 lbsLake Bosworth, Snohomish CountyBill Evans Aug 8, 2016
Smallmouth Bass 8.75 lbsColumbia River, Hanford ReachRay Wonacott Apr 23, 1966
CARP
Common Carp 49.5 lbsMoses Lake, Grant CountyDuane Fisher Jun 17, 2006
62 more rows

Is White Salmon a good place to live? ›

Living in White Salmon offers residents a sparse suburban feel and most residents own their homes. In White Salmon there are a lot of bars, coffee shops, and parks. Many young professionals and retirees live in White Salmon and residents tend to lean conservative. The public schools in White Salmon are above average.

Where can I find whitefish in Washington? ›

Lakes where this species may be found
  • Franklin Roosevelt Lake (Lake Roosevelt)
  • Franklin Roosevelt Lake (Lake Roosevelt)
  • Franklin Roosevelt Lake (Lake Roosevelt)
  • Franklin Roosevelt Lake (Lake Roosevelt)
  • Franklin Roosevelt Lake (Lake Roosevelt)

How big is White Salmon WA? ›

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.22 square miles (3.16 km2), all of it land. The city is located opposite Hood River, Oregon on the Columbia River.

Can you fish the White River in Washington state? ›

Along the way, the White River is enjoyed by kayakers, anglers, hikers, and visitors to the national park and the surrounding area. It is home to four species of salmon (chinook, coho, chum, and pink), as well as steelhead and bull trout.

Are river whitefish good to eat? ›

Whitefish is considered one of the best-eating freshwater fish there is. Because the fish lives in icy northern lakes, the meat has a high fat content, making it an excellent candidate for smoking. The mild flavor is more like salmon than trout.

What are the 6 species of salmon in the Columbia River? ›

Historically, salmon runs in the Columbia River Basin consisted of 16% fall chinook, 12% spring chinook, 30% summer chinook, 11% coho, 23% sockeye, 8% steelhead, and less than 1% chum. These runs generally extended from March through October, though steelhead runs extended through the winter.

What Causes White Salmon? ›

Translucent and buttery, the deep red color comes from pigments in crustaceans in the salmons' diet. Some king salmon – about one in 20 – have white meat due to an inability to process these pigments in their food.

What's the most expensive salmon? ›

King Salmon (aka Chinook Salmon)

The one downside: It's usually the most expensive salmon you'll find at the fishmonger—but honestly, it's money well spent. King Salmon from Alaska is Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Certified sustainable.

What is the most tastiest salmon? ›

Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha), also known as King salmon, is considered by many to be the best-tasting of the salmon bunch. They have a high-fat content and corresponding rich flesh that ranges from white to a deep red color.

What is the healthiest salmon to eat? ›

Wild-caught Pacific salmon are typically considered to be the healthiest salmon.

Where is the the best place to catch salmon in Washington state? ›

What is this? The best chum salmon fishing in Washington is typically in Hood Canal, and in particular around the hatchery at Hoodsport. Another hot spot closer to home for many is near the fish hatchery at Minter Creek, located near the end of Carr Inlet less than 20 minutes from Gig Harbor.

Is Columbia River open for salmon fishing? ›

Mainstem Columbia River - Buoy 10 upstream to Bonneville Dam

Release all salmon and steelhead other than hatchery coho. Effective November 1 through December 31, 2022: Daily limit 6, up to 3 adults, of which no more than 2 may be hatchery steelhead.

What is the salmon limit in Washington? ›

SpeciesSeasonAdditional Rules
Bremerton Boardwalk, Illahee State Park Pier, Seacrest Pier, and Waterman PierYear-roundChinook - min. size 22”. Other salmon species - no min. size. Daily limit 2. Up to 1 Chinook may be retained.
SpeciesSeasonAdditional Rules
Bottomfish
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Is White Salmon better than pink salmon? ›

Some salmon have a limited ability to metabolize the pigments, and this leads to marbled flesh. Either way, both types are healthy and have similar amounts of Omega 3 fatty acids, lipids, and proteins. According to the research I could find, they are equally nutritious.

What color should you not eat salmon? ›

Fresh salmon is usually bright pink or at least an attractive rosy or slightly orange color. Stay away from grayish salmon. That is not a fish safe to eat! Also, it doesn't matter if you cook and store your salmon, it can still be dangerous.

Is White Salmon natural? ›

Farm-raised salmon is naturally gray; the pink color is added. Wild salmon is naturally pink due to their diet which includes astaxanthin, a reddish-orange compound found in krill and shrimp.

What is the best eating fish in WA? ›

Barramundi. The Barramundi are members of the sea perch family and are prized icons of Western Australian fish. The Barramundi are highly-valued by recreational fishermen for their fighting spirit when hooked and for their great tasting meat.

What is the deepest lake in Washington state? ›

At 1,486 feet, Lake Chelan is the third deepest freshwater lake in the US, even deeper than the Great Lakes.

Where is the best fishing in Washington state? ›

Fishing Spots in Washington
  • Snoqualmie River. If you're coming from Seattle, Snoqualmie River is a convenient fishing option as there are good fishing spots just an hour from the city. ...
  • Fish Lake. ...
  • Yakima River. ...
  • Green Lake. ...
  • Joemma Beach State Park. ...
  • Columbia River. ...
  • Camping and Fishing in Washington.
13 Jul 2021

Where is the salmon capital of the world? ›

Ketchikan | Salmon Capital of the World | ALASKA.ORG.

Where is the best salmon in the world from? ›

What Makes Faroe Islands Salmon Special? If you haven't already guessed, it's about purity. These islands are remote and surrounded by the cold, pristine waters of the North Sea and the Atlantic. From these waters, salmon thrive in their natural habitat, feeding off the abundant natural food sources.

Which state has the best salmon? ›

If there's one place you should go salmon fishing in the US, it's Alaska. And no discussion of salmon fishing in Alaska would be complete without mentioning the Kenai River. Because the river produces such large salmon sizes, the local government has a separate record for salmon caught there.

What is the best tasting whitefish? ›

Cod. Cod is often considered one of the best white fish and is commonly featured in recipes like fish and chips due to its dense, flaky texture.

What depth do you fish for whitefish? ›

That's because whitefish are a cool-water species and need to go down deep during the summer to find colder water. During the winter, however, they'll visit various structures in the shallows to feed. “I never fish for them in more than 50 feet of water,” he says.

What does freshwater whitefish taste like? ›

Whitefish is generally a mild-flavored, often slightly sweet fish, which can be interchangeable in recipes. These include wild Alaska pollock, bass, cod, grouper, haddock, and halibut. These are great for pan-frying, pan-searing, using soups and chowders, and baking.

How much snow does White Salmon Washington get? ›

Average Monthly Snowfall in White Salmon
JanSep
Snowfall11.3″0.0″

What elevation is White Salmon? ›

What class is the White Salmon River? ›

White Salmon River rafting has attracted whitewater enthusiasts for generations. Perfect for beginners and advanced rafters, the river's class III-IV whitewater rapids challenge even our most experienced veteran raft guests.

Is there gold in the White River in Washington State? ›

The White River is a gold mine located in King county, Washington.

Can you keep white sturgeon in Washington? ›

Anglers may retain only white sturgeon measuring 44 to 50 inches from the tip of their nose to the fork in their tail (“fork length”). Catch limits during the season are one legal-size white sturgeon per day and two legal-size fish per year. Only one single-point, barbless hook is allowed when fishing for sturgeon.

Where is the best fishing on the White River? ›

Bull Shoals-White River State Park has become a very popular fishing destination since it was established in 1955, following the completion of Bull Shoals Dam.

Is Whitefish a bottom feeder? ›

Feeding Ecology

Broad whitefish are bottom feeders. They eat snails, bivalves and other mollusks, as well as aquatic insect larvae.

Is Whitefish the same as tilapia? ›

White fish is often referred to tilapia, cod, bass, grouper, haddock, catfish, and snapper. They are great for frying, searing, using in soups and chowders.

Why is Whitefish called Whitefish? ›

Incorporated in 1905, and named for its proximity to Whitefish Lake, the town was previously known as Stumptown for all the large number of tree stumps remaining after the founding fathers cut down the forest to make room for the new train depot.

Can you eat salmon from the Columbia River? ›

Due to moderate levels of mercury and PCBs, Oregon and Washington health officials recommend limiting the amount of resident fish species consumed from the middle Columbia River.

What is the biggest fish caught in the Columbia River? ›

Most experts agree that the biggest certifiable sturgeon, and thus the biggest known fish taken in America's freshwaters, was a 12½-foot, 1,285-pound cow sturgeon that went blundering into a salmon gill net in the Columbia in the spring of 1912.

What is the biggest fish in the Columbia River? ›

White Sturgeon

The white sturgeon is the largest freshwater fish in North America. The white sturgeon is, without a doubt, the largest fish in the Columbia River. In fact, it's the largest fish in all of North America!

Why is my wild caught salmon white? ›

White-fleshed king salmon don't have the genetic ability to break down their food and store the red-orange carotene in their muscle cells. The marbled flesh color sometimes found in king salmon comes from their limited ability to metabolize carotene, causing the flesh to take on a marbled look.

Why is it called White Salmon? ›

White Salmon WA History

The White Salmon River was named by Lewis and Clark, as they observed the white-fleshed salmon being caught and dried by the natives at the mouth of the river. The town of White Salmon was named after these salmon as well.

Is White Salmon WA a good place to live? ›

Living in White Salmon offers residents a sparse suburban feel and most residents own their homes. In White Salmon there are a lot of bars, coffee shops, and parks. Many young professionals and retirees live in White Salmon and residents tend to lean conservative. The public schools in White Salmon are above average.

What zone is White Salmon WA? ›

White Salmon, Washington is in USDA Hardiness Zones 7b.

Where is salmon located Washington State? ›

(Oncorhynchus nerka) Sockeye are the most flavorful Pacific salmon. In Washington, sockeye are found in Lake Washington, Baker Lake, Ozette Lake, Quinault Lake, and Lake Wenatchee.

How often does it snow in White Salmon WA? ›

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from November 7 to March 16, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow in White Salmon is January, with an average snowfall of 11.3 inches. The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from March 16 to November 7.

What part of Washington is best to live in? ›

Want To Live in Washington?
  • Seattle: Best City for Urban Living. ...
  • Tacoma: Best Alternative to Seattle. ...
  • Olympia: Best for Capital Living. ...
  • Ocean Shores: Best Coastal Living. ...
  • Vancouver: Best Portland Commute. ...
  • Spokane: Best City in the East. ...
  • Cheney: Best College Town. ...
  • Move to One of the Best Places to Live in Washington.
27 Jul 2022

Is the Columbia river open for salmon fishing? ›

Columbia River, from The Dalles Dam upstream to John Day Dam: Immediately through December 31, 2022: Open for catch and release fishing only.

Where is zone 8b in Washington state? ›

According to the USDA's Plant Hardiness Zone Map, Island County is in Zone 8b, with an average annual extreme minimum temperature of 15-20 degrees (F).

What is the difference between Zone 2 and Zone 3? ›

Challenge of Gardening in Zones 2-3

Gardening in zones 2-3 means dealing with punishing cold temperatures. In fact, the lowest average temperature in USDA hardiness zone 2 is a frigid -50 to -40 degrees F. (-46 to -40 C), while zone 3 is a whopping 10 degrees warmer.

Is Seattle zone 8a or 8b? ›

The Seattle zone was just changed from 8 to 8b. Zone 8 plants are hardy down to 10 degrees F. Zone 8b plants are hardy down to 15 to 20 degrees.

Where is the biggest trout in Washington? ›

Lahontan Cutthroat Trout

There are a small handful of lakes that match that description in Washington where these jumbo-sized cutthroat species can thrive. The best-known Lahontan cutthroat trout fishery in Washington is Lake Lenore in Grant County.

Where is the best salmon fishing in Washington State? ›

What is this? The best chum salmon fishing in Washington is typically in Hood Canal, and in particular around the hatchery at Hoodsport. Another hot spot closer to home for many is near the fish hatchery at Minter Creek, located near the end of Carr Inlet less than 20 minutes from Gig Harbor.

Can you catch wild salmon in Washington state? ›

Sockeye are the most flavorful Pacific salmon. In Washington, sockeye are found in Lake Washington, Baker Lake, Ozette Lake, Quinault Lake, and Lake Wenatchee. Sockeye are unique in that they require a lake to rear in as fry, so the river they choose to spawn in must have a lake in the system.

Videos

1. White Salmon River Rafting Full-Day Trip with Wet Planet Whitewater
(Wet Planet Whitewater Rafting & Kayaking)
2. White Salmon, Washington: Protect the lifeblood of the Pacific Northwest
(Columbia Riverkeeper)
3. Fish return to White Salmon River
(The Columbian)
4. Condit dam is breached, letting the White Salmon River run free
(The Oregonian)
5. Coyote Wall Trail - White Salmon, WA
(Tim Mills)
6. White Salmon, Washington: Protect the lifeblood of the Pacific Northwest
(Columbia Riverkeeper)
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